Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: Prospects of assessing the impact of external student migration on restoring country's intellectual potential (the case study of Ukraine)
Issue: Vol. 12, No 3, 2019
Published date: 09-2019 (print) / 09-2019 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Halyna Mishchuk
National University of Water and Environmental Engineering

Iryna Roshchyk
National University of Water and Environmental Engineering

Joanna Sułkowska
University of Social Sciences, Lodz

Sergej Vojtovič
Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin
Keywords: education, intellectual potential, international migration, student emigration rate
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2019/12-3/14
Index PUBMS: 1895e05c-f43a-11e9-bbfd-fa163e0fa1a0
Language: English
Pages: 209-219 (11)
JEL classification: F22, J11, O15

Our paper suggests a new approach to assessment of external student migration consequences. While considering the socioeconomic impact of youth intellectual potential on economic and human development, we have used the regression method for forecasting the most obvious indicators of the country’s intellectual capability losses. These include the following: the ratio of students (or university staff as a connected indicator) and total population, economically active and employed population. All of the estimated data include projected losses of talented students due to their studying abroad. We have employed the data of Ukraine as an origin country to emphasize that intellectual migration can cause significant destructive consequences for national competitiveness. In particular, we have indicated the point at the double decrease of all indicators of the intellectual potential losses. In general, it is possible to achieve different types of indicators in 16–20 years. In conclusion, we argue that passive policy with regard to external student migration can lead to disastrous effects for national competitiveness from the perspective of innovation and development, which are driven by talents.


1. Amagoh, F., & Rahman, T. (2016). Tapping into the potential of academic diaspora for homeland development: The case of Nigeria. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 17(1), 35-53.

2. Beech, S. E. (2019). Recruiting students: Negotiating policy. In The Geographies of International Student Mobility (pp. 25-49). Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore.

3. Bilan, Y. 2017. Migration of the Ukrainian Population: Economic, Institutional and Sociocultural Factors. London: Ubiquity Press. doi:

4. Bilan, Y., & Bilan, S. (2011). The Formation of civil society in Ukraine after the Orange Revolution. Economics & Sociology, 4(1), 78-86.

5. Chellaraj, G. (2019). The economics of international student and scholar mobility: Directions for research. Retrieved from

6. Cohen, E. (2017). Effect of welfare and employment policies on the correlation between migration and unemployment. Economics & Sociology, 10(1), 246.

7. Čuhlová, R., & Potužáková, Z. (2017). Highly Qualified in the Czech Republic. Journal of International Studies, 10(1), 159-172.

8. Czaika, M., & Toma, S. (2017). International academic mobility across space and time: The case of Indian academics. Population, Space and Place, 23(8).

9. D’Silva, J. L., & Samah, A. A. (2018). Holistic well-being of Japanese retirees in Malaysia. Journal of International Studies Vol, 11(3), 95 - 103.

10. Docquier, F., & Iftikhar, Z. (2019). Brain drain, informality and inequality: a search-and-matching model for sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of International Economics, 120, 109-125.

11. Foster, M. (2017). Exploring the impact of international student mobility on cross-cultural learning adaptation. In Empowering 21st Century Learners Through Holistic and Enterprising Learning (pp. 157-165). Springer, Singapore.

12. Gesing, P., & Glass, C. (2019). STEM student mobility intentions post-graduation and the role of reverse push-pull factors. International Journal of Educational Development, 65, 227-236.

13. Grenčíková, A., Španková, J., & Habánik, J. (2017). Regional disparities in labor force migration abroad in Slovak Republic and in Czech Republic. Economics & Sociology, 10(3), 81-89.

14. Holovatyi, M. (2014). Multiculturalism as a means of nations and countries interethnic unity achieving. Economic Annals-XXI, 11-12, 15-18.

15. Kahn, M., Gamedze, T., & Oghenetega, J. (2019). Mobility of sub-Saharan Africa doctoral graduates from South African universities – A tracer study. International Journal of Educational Development, 68, 9-14.

16. Kalantaryan, S., & Salamońska, J. (2019). Where Migration Meets Education: Case Study of Policies Referring to the Mobility of the Highly Skilled. In Education and Public Policy in the European Union (pp. 47-66). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

17. Kritz, M. M., & Gurak, D. T. (2018). International student mobility. High-Skilled Migration: Drivers and Policies, 222.

18. Lapshyna, I. (2012). Transformational Changes and Challenges for Human Capital Development in the Context of Ukrainian Labour Migration. Economics & Sociology, 5(1), 111.

19. Libanova, E. (2019). Labour migration from Ukraine: key features, drivers and impact. Economics & Sociology, 12(1), 313-368.

20. Máté, D., Sarihasan, I., Popp, J., & Oláh, J. (2018). The Role of Regional Differences in Immigration: The Case of OECD Countries. Economics & Sociology, 11(3), 190-206.

21. Mishchuk H., Samoliuk N., Bilan Y., Streimikiene D. (2018) Income Inequality and its Consequences within the Framework of Social Justice. Problems of Sustainable Development / Problemy Ekorozwoju, 13(2), 131-138.

22. Mishchuk, H., & Grishnova, O. (2015) Empirical study of the comfort of living and working environment – Ukraine and Europe: comparative assessment. Journal of International Studies, 8(1), 67-80.

23. Przytuła S., Sułkowski Ł., Migdał, A. (2019) Ukrainian Skilled Migrants in Polish Emerging Economy – Implications for Knowledge Management, European Journal of International Management, 3.

24. Puraite, A., Greichius, S., & Seniutiene, D. (2017). Managing State Border in the Context of Migration Crisis in Europe-Lithuanian Case. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 13(3), 31-42.

25. Rashidi-Kollmann, S., & Pyka, A. (2016). Migration and innovation: A survey. In International Innovation Networks and Knowledge Migration (pp. 109-136). Routledge.

26. Sadova, U. (2010). Migration risks in the context of social-economic transformations of Ukraine. Economics & Sociology, 3(1a).

27. Semiv, L., & Hvozdovych, Y. (2012). The intellectual migration of the youth in Ukraine: The backgrounds for “brain circulation”. Journal of International Studies, 5(2), 72-81.

28. Simionescu, M., Ciuiu, D., Bilan, Y., & Strielkowski, W. (2016). GDP and Net Migration in Some Eastern and South-Eastern Countries of Europe. A Panel Data and Bayesian Approach. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 12(2), 161-175.

29. Solimano, A. (2006). The international mobility of talent and its impact on global development: an overview (Vol. 52). United Nations Publications.

30. SSSU. (2017a). De-facto population at the Beginning of the year, persons [online]. Available: [Accessed: May 27, 2018].

31. SSSU. (2017b). Number of Students of Higher Educational Establishments of I-IV a.l. [online]. Available: [Accessed: May 27, 2018].

32. SSSU. (2017c). Economically Active Population Age 15-70[online]. Available: [Accessed: May 27, 2018].

33. Stakanov, R. (2018). The role of regional migration policy in the development of migration processes. Economics, Management and Sustainability, 3(1), 70-78. doi:10.14254/jems.2018.3-1.7

34. Steiner, I. (2019). Settlement or mobility? Immigrants’ re-migration decision-making process in a high-income country setting. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 20(1), 223-245.

35. Sułkowski, Ł. (2012). Globalization of culture and contemporary management models. Journal of Intercultural Management, 4(4), 18-28.

36. Teichler, U. (2017). Internationalisation Trends in Higher Education and the Changing Role of International Student Mobility. Journal of international Mobility, (1), 177-216.

37. Tremblay, K. (2005). Academic mobility and immigration. Journal of Studies in International Education, 9(3), 196-228.

38. UNESCO. (2017a) Net flow of internationally mobile students. – URL:

39. UNESCO. (2017b) Outbound internationally mobile students by host region. – URL:

40. UNESCO. (2017c) Outbound mobility ratio by host region. – URL:

41. UNESCO. (2017d) Pupil-teacher ratio by level of education (headcount basis) . – URL:

42. Vdovtsova, S. (2008). Motivation mechanisms of youth behavior on Ukrainian labour market. Economics & Sociology, 1(1), 104-110.

43. Wachowska, M. (2018). Consequences of the Post-Accession Migration of Polish Inventors for the Innovative Potential of Poland: 2004-2012. Economics & Sociology, 11(1), 311-324.