Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: Optimism and Consumption: Psychological Costs of Malaysia-Sulu Dispute
Issue: Vol. 8, No 4, 2015
Published date: 20-12-2015 (print) / 20-12-2015 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Rayenda Khresna Brahmana
Simon Kopong
Ritzky Karina Brahmana
Keywords: Stress Level; Optimism; Consumption; Dispute; Sabah Malaysia
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2015/8-4/16
Index PUBMS: 1f21c581-aa13-11e7-8eae-080027f4daa0
Language: English
Pages: 225-240 (16)
JEL classification: N45

This research aims to examine the moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between psychological cost and consumption level during disputes. Psychometric-based questionnaire was developed and distributed in March 2013 to find Sabahan had severe symptoms of stress. This stress level induced the consumption level and also leisure cost in attempts to overcome the dispute. Interestingly, those Sabahans who were more inclined to optimism-might rethink their consumption/spending decision making. In other words, there is a moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between stress level and consumption during disputes.