Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: Approach of the SME Entrepreneurs to Financial Risk Management in Relation to Gender and Level of Education
Issue: Vol. 8, No 4, 2015
Published date: 20-12-2015 (print) / 20-12-2015 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Jaroslav Belás
Aleksandr Ključnikov
Sergej Vojtovič
Monika Sobeková-Májková
Keywords: small and medium enterprises, gender of entrepreneurs, education of entrepreneurs, financial risk management
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2015/8-4/2
Index PUBMS: 23fbd2cd-aa13-11e7-8eae-080027f4daa0
Language: English
Pages: 32-42 (11)
JEL classification: L26, O16, G32
Website: http://www.economics-sociology.eu/?364,en_approach-of-the-sme-entrepreneurs-to-financial-risk-management-in-relation-to-gender-and-level-of-education
Abstract

Financial risk management is an important area of management of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The ability of SMEs to grow highly depends on their potential to invest money to the development of their companies. These investments need capital and therefore an access to internal or external financial sources. Many authors agree that SMEs have restricted access to external sources of financing. The aim of this article is to define and compare important determinants of financial risk in the segment of small and medium-sized enterprises. The research of entrepreneurs' opinions was carried out in 2015 in the Czech Republic, and was focused of the investigation of the influence of such factors as gender and level of education of entrepreneurs on the approach to financial risk management. We found out that three quarters of entrepreneurs in the segment of SMEs in the Czech Republic perceive the intense action of financial risk, but at the same time their ability to properly manage financial risks in the segment of SMEs is not at an appropriate level. The importance of financial risk increased during the crisis, which is reflected in the challenging approach of SMEs to external funding. We found that only relatively small number of entrepreneurs creates the financial reserves in their companies, and so this approach does not have the significant weight in the SME segment. Significant differences in approaches of the SME entrepreneurs to financial risk management in relation to gender and level of education were not identified.