Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: The birth of “normal trauma”: The effect of non-linear development
Issue: Vol. 13, No 2, 2020
Published date: 06-2020 (print) / 06-2020 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Sergey Kravchenko
MGIMO-University, Russia
Keywords: nonlinearity, reflexivity, trauma, construction of trauma, the society of trauma, “normal trauma”, complexity, digitalization, humanistic turn, rigidity turn
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2020/13-2/11
Index PUBMS: 2868fcbc-bef7-11ea-9cc3-fa163e0fa1a0
Language: English
Pages: 150-159 (10)
JEL classification: Z13, Z19

The article critically analyzes the approaches to different manifestations of traumatic development and the theories of trauma in historical and cultural context: P. Sztompka’s theory of becoming displaying the effects of “society in action” and “pathological agencies”; J.C. Alexander’s theory of cultural construction of trauma diagnosing the role of mystified meanings in the deformation of social consciousness; Zh.T. Toschenko’s theory of “the society of trauma” that substantiates a new specific modality of development. Relying on the postulates of these approaches the author of the paper proposes further investigations, showing the formation of a new phenomenon in the form of “normal trauma”, which is understood as a ‘normal’, emergent, and significant deformation of socio-technical-natural realities due to the effects of non-linear development. It is stated that traumatic development leads to the increase of such “systemic uncertainties” as “normal accidents” (Ch. Perrow), ‘normal’ “climate turbulence” (J. Urry, A. Giddens), “normal anomie” (S. Kravchenko) that in fact give traumas determined by non-linear development a ‘normal, natural’ character. The author sees the minimization of the consequences of “normal trauma” in a special type of reflexivity, which includes both “humanistic” and “rigidity” turns aimed at achieving a more humane society and counteracting turbulences.


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