Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: The Effects of Gender on the Quality of University Patents and Public Research Centres in Andalusia: is it Better with a Female Presence?
Issue: Vol. 9, No 1, 2016
Published date: 03-2016 (print) / 03-2016 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Rosarioa Toribio Muñoz
Carmen Puentes Graña
Keywords: Gender and Patents, Innovation, Quality of Patents, Female Presence, Economic growth
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-1/15
Index PUBMS: 37b3febd-0298-11e8-94c4-fa163e5d4f72
Language: English
Pages: 220-236 (17)
JEL classification: O31, O32, J16

Much work has been done about the quality of patents as a tool to improve economic growth. However, investigations concerning the analysis of women’s participation in technological research are very limited. The aim of this article is to determine if female participation in a specific invention influences the quality of the patent. The research is based on the analysis, of the information which shows 498 patent applications and 1838 inventors from Universities and Public Research Centres in Andalusia (Spain), between 1990 and 2006. The main conclusion is the fact that the quality of the patent is higher when the inventor team includes both, male and female presence. According to the results obtained in this work, we argue that it is therefore necessary to implement policies to promote greater contribution by women and the resultant implication in the fields of science and technology.