Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: Inequality and globalisation: Analysis of European countries
Issue: Vol. 12, No 4, 2019
Published date: 12-2019 (print) / 12-2019 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Celia Sánchez-López
University of Huelva, Spain

María Teresa Aceytuno
University of Huelva, Spain

Manuela A. De Paz-Bañez
University of Huelva, Spain
Keywords: income inequality, Gini index, globalisation, multiple regression analysis, ascending hierarchical classification
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2019/12-4/5
Index PUBMS: 4d0497da-3710-11ea-b360-fa163e0fa1a0
Language: English
Pages: 84-100 (17)
JEL classification: O15, O11, F16, J31

This paper examines the relationship between income inequality and globalisation in 29 European countries over the period of 2005-2015, the period including phases of both growth and economic recession. Unlike other studies which analyse variations in inequality in specific countries or in both developed and developing economies, this study focuses on European countries, that is, high-income countries with highly developed economies. It investigates the influence on inequality exerted by trade and financial globalisation and technological development over the ten years through panel data multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that both trade globalisation and the degree of technological development are associated with reduction in inequality, while financial globalisation, and particularly foreign direct investment inward, are associated with increase in inequality. Furthermore, strong associations can be observed between the dimensions of the study in function of the average salaries and GDP per capita of different countries, reflected through partial correlations.


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