|Title:||Determinants of Labor Migration Flows to Russia: Evidence from Tajikistan|
Vol. 10, No 3, 2017
Published date: 10-2017 (print) / 10-2017 (online)
Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
National Research University Higher School of Economics, Perm City, Russian Federation
|Keywords:||labor migration, Tajikistan, Russia, social capital|
|JEL classification:||J60, J61|
Tajikistan is an active participant in international migratory flows since the breakup of the Soviet Union. Initially, a civil war was the primary push factor for geographic mobility of people. Currently, economic deprivation, limited land area and demographic pressures largely determine the dynamics and flows of the Tajiks’ migratory processes, in particular labor mobility from this post-Soviet republic. The primary goal of this paper is to identify factors affecting labor migration to Russia as an important place of destination for Tajik migrants. We look at the role of socio-demographic factors as well as migration-related social capital in population movements. Findings indicate that demographic profile of migrants seems to be a more significant factor toward migration as it reflects a relatively higher share of younger people in country’s total population. Results also indicate that knowledge of Russian as a second spoken language is influential.
1. Abdulloev, I., Gang, I., Landon-Lane, J. (2011). Migration as a Substitute for Informal Activities: Evidence from Tajikistan (IZA Discussion Paper No. 6236). Retrieved from the Institute for the Study of Labor website: http://ftp.iza.org/dp6236.pdf.
2. Azzarri, C., Zezza, A. (2011). International Migration and Nutritional Outcomes in Tajikistan. Food Policy, 36(1), pp. 54-70.
3. Buckley, C., Hofmann, E. (2012). Are Remittances and Effective Mechanism for Development? Evidence from Tajikistan. Journal of Development Studies, 48(8), pp. 1121-1138.
4. Danzer, A., Ivaschneko, O. (2010). Migration Patterns in a Remittance Dependent Economy: Evidence from Tajikistan during the Global Financial Crisis. Migration Letters, 7(2), pp. 190-202.
5. Gulina, O., Utyasheva, L. (2016). Putting People Last: Lessons from the Regulation of Migration in Russia and Tajikistan. Public Administration Issues, Special Issue, 5, pp. 92-118.
6. Hosmer, D., Lemeshow, S., Sturdivant, R. (2013). Applied Logistic Regression. New Jersey: John Willey and Sons.
7. Justino, P., Shemyakina, O. (2012). Remittances and Labor Supply in Post-Conflict Tajikistan, Institute of Development Studies (Working Paper No 388). Retrieved from the Institute of Development Studies website: https://www.ids.ac.uk/files/dmfile/Wp388.pd
8. Khakimov, P. (2016). Labor Migration and Remittances in Tajikistan: Trends and Consequences. Himalayan and Central Asian Studies, 20(4), pp. 80-95.
9. Kireyev, A. (2006). The Macroeconomics of Remittances: The Case of Tajikistan (IMF Working Paper WP/06/02. Retrieved from the International Monetary Fund website: htpp://www.wp0602.pdf.
10. Kumo, K. Kazuhiro (2012). Tajik Labor Migrants and their Remittances: Is Tajik Migration Pro-Poor? Post-Communist Economies, 24(1), pp. 87-109.
11. Kutner, M., Nachtsheim, C., William, L. (2004). Applied Linear Statistical Models. New York: McGraw – Hill.
12. Shemyakina, O. (2011). The Effect of Armed Conflict on Accumulation of Schooling: Results from Tajikistan. Journal of Development Economics, 95(2), pp. 186-200.
13. Sultonov, M. (2013). The Macroeconomic Determinants of Remittance Flows from Russia to Tajikistan. Transition Studies Review, 19(4), pp. 417-430.