Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: Visual frames of migrants and refugees in the main Western European media
Issue: Vol. 12, No 3, 2019
Published date: 09-2019 (print) / 09-2019 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Javier J. Amores
University of Salamanca

Carlos Arcila Calderón
University of Salamanca

Mikolaj Stanek
University of Salamanca
Keywords: framing, visual framing, migrants, refugees, European media, European press, news photographs, migration crisis
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2019/12-3/10
Index PUBMS: 63395edc-f438-11e9-bbfd-fa163e0fa1a0
Language: English
Pages: 147-161 (15)
JEL classification: Z13

This work analyses the denotative and connotative visual framing of migrants and refugees in European media during the migration crisis in Europe in general and in the Mediterranean in particular. The main objective is to identify the differences between Germany, the country that receives the most asylum requests, and other Western Europe countries (Spain, France, Italy and the United Kingdom). The second goal is to detect temporal differences between the first period of the crisis (2013-2014) and the second period (2015-2017), when the conflict worsened. We content analysed a sample of 500 news photographs from 10 media outlets of five European countries. The results indicate that the most predominant visual frame represents migrants and refugees as victims. However, it was also observed that the frames depicting these individuals as a threat to Western societies are more frequent in German media, and also during the second period of the crisis.


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