The paper deals with an issue of the cardiovascular diseases mortality, which is currently the main cause of all the deaths, not only in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic, but also globally. The main objective of the study is to analyse and to quantify the relationship between the cardiovascular diseases mortality rate and the selected socio-economic indicators at the national level of the explored countries. Consequently, the results of the surveyed countries are compared by application a distance method from a fictitious object. As the results of the analysis show, from the selected socio-economic factors, the health expenditures play a significant role – this determinant in the Czech Republic had a higher impact on the possible decrease in mortality than in the Slovak Republic. The other major socio-economic factors are the unemployment rate, the secondary education unemployment rate, the tertiary education unemployment rate, and gross domestic product growth rate. They have different impact on the cardiovascular diseases mortality in the individual countries. This mortality rate is also analysed among the regions where significant regional disparities occur. The results of the comparative study provide an important platform for national and regional policymakers in the health and social field. They can also provide important information for national and international benchmarking.
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