|Title:||Confident millennials: Differences in consumer confidence across five generations|
Vol. 12, No 4, 2019
Published date: 12-2019 (print) / 12-2019 (online)
Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
|Keywords:||generations, socio-economic environment, economic behavior, economic change, Scandinavia|
|JEL classification:||D84, Z13|
|Funding from the Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation is gratefully acknowledged.|
This paper investigates if individuals experiencing different socio-economic environments during their formative years have different expectations about future economic conditions. We use Swedish survey data to analyse differences in expectations across five generations of consumers by testing if they have different levels of confidence. The paper focuses on all the different generations of the 1900s as defined by Howe and Strauss (1997, 2000). In our econometric model, we use the Millennial Generation as a baseline, as this generation is about to make up the largest fraction of consumers in the economy. Contrary to the theory developed by the literature on generations, such as Howe and Strauss, our results show that confidence increases gradually across generations. We find that the Millennials are more confident than generations born in the first half of the 1900s, but similar in confidence to other generations born in the second half of the 1900s.
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