|Title:||Can Rural-Urban Migrants Escape from Poverty? Evidence from Four Indonesian Cities|
Vol. 11, No 2, 2018
Published date: 06-2018 (print) / 06-2018 (online)
Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Devanto Shasta Pratomo
|Keywords:||poverty, migration, rural-urban migrants|
|JEL classification:||I32, J61, R23|
This study examines the probability of rural-urban migrants in Indonesia living under poverty at destination. The poverty levels is divided into three categories including poor households, near-poor households, and non-poor households, basing on the definition of Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics’s poverty lines using the expenditure approach. Using Rural-Urban Migration of Indonesia and China (RUMiCI) 2011 data, the findings show that migrants tend to be categorized as non-poor as compared to non-migrants. The important factors that help migrants to escape from poverty include education of household heads, the number of dependents, and previous working experience in the modern sectors.
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