Economics & Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X eISSN: 2306-3459 DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X
Index PUBMS: f5512f57-a601-11e7-8f0e-080027f4daa0
Article information
Title: Attitudes of Economics and Sociology Students towards Cooperation. A Cross-Cultural Study
Issue: Vol. 10, No 4, 2017
Published date: 12-2017 (print) / 12-2017 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Joanna Dzionek-Kozlowska
University of Lodz

Sharaf N. Rehman
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Keywords: economic education, gender socialization, culture and cooperation, Poland, Romania
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2017/10-4/10
Index PUBMS: f6ca8187-f8fa-11e7-94c4-fa163e5d4f72
Language: English
Pages: 124-136 (13)
JEL classification: A22, A23, Z13
Website: http://www.economics-sociology.eu/?544,en_attitudes-of-economics-and-sociology-students-towards-cooperation.-a-cross-cultural-study
Licenses:
Abstract

The impact of university education on the learners’ attitudes remains uncertain. Nevertheless, the Economics students’ unwillingness to cooperate is frequently attributed to the content of economic courses, and the theories of profit maximization. This article contributes to the discussion on students’ attitudes towards cooperation based on the survey of 341 Polish and Romanian students. Since these countries differ in terms of collectivism/individualism dimension, we focus on tracing the influence of cultures on cooperativeness. Specifically, we investigate three variables. First, the impact of culture on the willingness to cooperate, secondly, the influence of gender on collaboration, and finally, the differences in attitudes among the students of Sociology and Economics. We find significant differences between Polish and Romanian students’ attitudes towards cooperation, we also observe higher level cooperation among females than males. We detect a drop in cooperation from the first year to the subsequent years of undergraduate studies in Economics.

Bibliography

1. Ahmed, A. (2008). Can education affect pro-social behavior? Cops, economists and humanists in social dilemmas. International Journal of Social Economics, 35(4), 298-307.

2. Albert, A. A, Porter, J. R. (1988). Children’s Gender-role Stereotypes: A Sociological Investigation of Psychological Models. Sociological Forum, 3(2), 184-210.

3. Burlando, R., Hey, J. D. (1996). Do Anglo-Saxons free-ride more? Journal of Public Economics, 64, 41-60.

4. Cadsby, C. B., Hamaguchi, Y., Kawagoe, T., Maynes E., Song F. (2007). Cross-national gender differences in behavior in a threshold public goods game: Japan versus Canada. Journal of Economic Psychology, 28, 242-260.

5. Cadsby, C. B., Maynes, E. (1998). Choosing Between a Socially Efficient and Free-Riding Equilibrium: Nurses versus Economics and Business Students. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 37(2), 183-192.

6. Carter, J. R., Irons, M. D. (1991). Are Economists Different, and If So, Why? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5(2), 171-177.

7. Castro, M. F. (2008). Where are you from? Cultural differences in public good experiments. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 2319-2329.

8. Cipriani, G. P., Lubian, D., Zago, A. (2009). Natural born economists? Journal of Economic Psychology, 30, 455-468.

9. Dzionek-Kozłowska, J., Rehman S. N. (2017). Between Indoctrination and Self-Selection. An Influence of Economic Education on Students’ Approach to Cooperation, Paper presented at the 21st Conference “Ethics in Economic Life”, May 12-13, 2017, Lodz, Poland

10. Erikson, E. H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York: Norton.

11. Faravelli, M. (2007). How context matters: A survey based experiment on distributive justice. Journal of Public Economics, 91, 1399-1422.

12. Frank, B., Schulze, G. G. (2000). Does economics make citizens corrupt? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 43(1), 101-113.

13. Frank, R. H. (2008). Microeconomics and Behavior. 7th Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

14. Frank, R. H., Gilovich, T., Regan, D. T. (1993). Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 7(2), 159-171.

15. Frey, B. S., Meier, S. (2003). Are Political Economists Selfish and Indoctrinated? Evidence from a Natural Experiment. Economic Inquiry, 41(3), 448-462.

16. Frey, B. S., Pommerehne, W. W., Gygi, B. (1993). Economics Indoctrination or Selection? Some Empirical Results. Journal of Economic Education, 24(3), Summer, 271-281.

17. Gandal, N., Roccas, S., Sagiv, L., Wrzesniewski, A. (2005). Personal value priorities of economists. Human Relations, 58(10), 1227-1252.

18. Goossens, A., Méon, P.-G. (2015). The Belief that Market Transactions Are Mutually Beneficial: A Comparison of the Views of Students in Economics and Other Disciplines. Journal of Economic Education, 46(2), 121-134.

19. Greif, A. (1994). Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies. Journal of Political Economy, 102(5), 912-950.

20. Greif, A. (2006). Institutions and the Path to the Modern Economy: Lessons from Medieval Trade. Cambridge University Press.

21. Haucap, J., Müller, A. (2014). Why are Economists So Different? Nature, Nurture, and Gender Effects in a Simple Trust Game. Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics Discussion Paper, no. 136.

22. Hemesath, M., Pomponio, X. (1998). Cooperation and Culture: Students from China and the United States in a Prisoner’s Dilemma. Cross-Cultural Research, 32(2), 171-184.

23. Hofstede, G. (1997). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. 1st edition. McGraw-Hill USA.

24. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, USA.

25. Hole, A. D. (2013). How do economists differ from others in distributive situations? Nordic Journal of Political Economy, 38, 1-30.

26. Hu, Y.-A., Liu, D.-Y. (2003). Altruism versus Egoism in Human Behavior of Mixed Motives. An Experimental Study. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 62(4), 677-705.

27. Hummel, K., Pfaff, D., Rost, K. (2016). Does Economics and Business Education Wash Away Moral Judgment Competence? Journal of Business Ethics, 1-19, doi: 10.1007/s10551-016-3142-6.

28. Huntington, S. P. (1996). The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order. New York: Simon & Schuster.

29. James, T., Soroka, L., Benjafield, J. G. (2001). Are Economists Rational of Just Different? Social Behavior and Personality, 29(4), 359-364.

30. Kahneman, D., Knetsch, J. L., Thaler, R. H. (1986). Fariness and Assumptions of Economics. Journal of Business, 59(4), S285-S300.

31. Klimczak, B. (2005). Wpływ studiów ekonomicznych na poziom moralny studentów. Annales. Etyka w Życiu Gospodarczym, 8(2), 11-24.

32. Krick, A., Tresp, S., Vatter, M., Ludwig, A., Wihlenda, M., Rettenberger, M. (2016). The Relationships Between the Dark Triad, the Moral Judgment Level, and the Students’ Disciplinary Choice. Self-Selection, Indoctrination, or Both? Journal of Individual

33. Laband, D. N., Beil, R. O. (1999). Are economists more selfish than other 'social' scientists? Public Choice, 100, 85-101.

34. Landes, D. (2000). Cultures Makes Almost All the Difference (2-13). In: Harrison, L. E., Huntington, S. P. (eds.). Culture Matters. How Values Shape Human Progress, eds.. New York: Basic Books.

35. Mankiw, N. G. (2012). Principles of Microeconomics. 6th Edition. Mason: South-Western Cengage Learning.

36. Marshall, A. (1920 [1890]). Principles of Economics. 8th Edition. London: Macmillan, Library of Economics and Liberty, http://www.econlib.org/library/Marshall/marP1.html (referred on 04/04/2017).

37. Martin, C. L., Eisenbud, L., Rose, H. (1995). Children’s Gender-Based Reasoning about Toys. Child Development, 66, 1453-1471, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00945.x.

38. Marwell, G., Ames, R. E. (1981). Economists Free Ride. Does Anyone Else? Experiments on the Provision of Public Goods, IV. Journal of Public Economics, 15, 295-310.

39. McCrae, R. R., Costa, Jr P. T. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52(5), 509-516.

40. North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

41. North, D. C. (2005). Understanding the Process of Economic Change. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

42. Ockenfels, A., Weinmann, J. (1999). Types and patterns: an experimental East-West-German comparison of cooperation and solidarity. Journal of Public Economics, 71, 275-287.

43. Pindyck, R. S., Rubinfeld, D. L. (2009). Microeconomics. 7th Edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

44. Seguino, S., Stevens, T., Lutz, M. A. (1996). Gender and Cooperative Behaviour. Economic Man Rides Alone. Feminist Economics, 2(1), 1-21.

45. Van Volkom, M. (2003). The relationship between childhood Tomboyism, siblings’ activities, and adult gender roles. Sex Roles, 49(11-12), 609-618.

46. Varian, H. R. (2010). Intermediate Microeconomics. A Modern Approach. 8th Edition. New York and London: W.W. Norton.

47. Wang, L., Malhotra, D., Murnighan, J. K. (2011). Economics Education and Greed. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 10(4), 643-660, doi: 10.5465/amle.2009.0185.

48. Witt, S. D. (1997). Parental influence of children’s socialization and gender roles. Adolescence, 32, 253-259.

49. Yezer, A. M., Goldfarb, R. S., Poppen, P. J. (1996). Does Studying Economics Discourage Cooperation? Watch What We Do, Not What We Say or How We Play. Journal of Economics Perspectives, 10(1), 177-186.