The relations between social policies, social exclusion, and social well-being in the Southeast Asia focusing on the case study of Papua, Indonesia is the main topic of this paper. The data discusses objective and subjective well-being. Both indicators can reflect the social well-being conditions of the region, and indicate the scale of social exclusion in the society of the studied area. West Papua is located in the Eastern Indonesia, and selection of this province as a case study is based on the consideration that welfare of the Eastern Indonesians can illustrate disparities in Indonesia overall. The data presented on West Papua province demonstrates the interrelationship between social policy, social exclusion, and social well-being taking place in this community. Social and economic policies in this context include two levels – that of the National Government and of the Provincial Government. The presented ase study provides insights on Eastern Indonesia, which is experiencing more disparities as compared to other parts of Indonesia, while the discussion on the case study is linked to a more general context - that of other Southeast Asian countries.
1. Atkinson, A. B. (1998). “Social Exclusion, Poverty and Unemployment” in Exclusion, Employment and Opportunity. Published by Center for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.
2. Central Agency on Statistic. (2016). Human Development Index Based on Provinces. Jakarta: BPS.
3. Central Agency on Statistic. (2017). Population in Poverty, Percentage of Population in Poverty, and Poverty Line, 1970-2017. Jakarta: BPS.
4. Official Statistical Report. (2017). Indonesia Happiness No. 79/08. 15 Agustus 2017
5. Official Statistical Report. (2017). Papuan Province Central Agency on Statistic (BPS) No. 25/05/94. Year II, 2 May 2017
6. Bhalla, A.S. & Frédéric Lapeyre. (2004). Poverty and Exclusion in, a Global World (2nd Edition). NY: Palgrave Macmillan
7. Central Statistical Agency. (2000). Ethiopia-Welfare Monitoring Survey 2000-2001.
8. Koo, Hearan, Jaeyeol Yee, Eun Young Nam, & Ee Sun Kim. (2016). “Dimensions of Social Well-being and Determinants in Korea: Personal, Relational, and Societal Aspects,” in The Senshu Social Well-being Review: Forming a Social Well-being Research Consortium
9. LabSosio UI. (2015). Primary Survey Data, 2015
10. Lee, J, & Shrum, L, J. (2012). Conspicuous Consumption versus Charitable Behavior in Response to Social Exclusion: A Differential Needs Explanation. Journal of Consumer Research.
11. Levitas, R. (2005). The Inclusive Society? Social Exclusion and New Labour. 2nd Edition. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
12. Marlier, Eric, & Atkinson, A. B. (2010). Indicators of Poverty and Social Exclusion in a Global Context. In Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 29, 2, 285-304.
13. Pierson, John. (2002). Tackling Social Exclusion. Published by Routledge.
14. Pierson, John. (2010). Tackling Social Exclusion. 2nd Edition. London: Routledge.
15. Sen, Amartya. (2000). Social Exclusion: Concept, Application, and Scrutiny. Asian Development Bank.
16. Sen, Amartya & James Foster. (1997). On Economic Inequality (expanded edition). NY: Oxford University Press.
17. UNDP. (2013). Human Development Report. United Nations Development Programme.
18. United Nations. (2017). World Happiness Report.
19. Veltmeyer, H. (2002). Social Exclusion and Models of Development in Latin America. In Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 27(54), 251-280.